Why It’s Important to Know the Cause of Damage Before You Start

Experts agree that no matter if you’re repairing residential concrete steps, reforming a sidewalk flag, or injecting a crack, the first thing to do is understand what caused it. This is important because, according to Fuller, “most repairs are symptoms, not solutions.” If you don’t address the underlying cause, it will likely happen again.concrete repair

Concrete Repair Colorado Springs are complex, time-consuming tasks. They usually involve a thorough evaluation of the condition of the structure, a determination of the causes of the deterioration or distress, and the selection of repair methods and materials. In most cases, major structural repairs should be done by qualified professional engineers with extensive experience in concrete construction.

The preparation process involves cleaning the damaged area and preparing surfaces to receive the repair material. The surface must be free of dust, dirt, oil, and other substances that can interfere with the bond between the repair material and the existing concrete. The surface must also be moist enough to allow proper placement of the repair.

Surface preparation can include chemical cleaning, acid etching, or mechanical preparation. Different repair materials require different surface preparation techniques to achieve the best results. The preparation must also include the removal of the damaged section of the concrete.

When a concrete repair requires new concrete, the concrete replacement technique must be followed to ensure that the new concrete is properly tied into the existing reinforcing steel (rebar). This will reduce the potential for future cracking and flexural damage. The replacement technique also allows the use of normal concrete placement methods and helps avoid the need for special forms.

A good repair material must have a low shrinkage factor to minimize debonding from the old concrete. It should also have high flexural strength to handle shear and bending forces in concrete structures. Some repair materials have fibers or polymers, which improve the bond and increase the flexural strength of the repaired area.

Contractors should have a few tools on hand when they are working on concrete repair jobs. A good set of hand trowels is a must-have for most projects. These should include a finishing trowel, a margin trowel, and a pointed trowel. In addition, a caulk gun should be used for filling in small cracks or holes.

A concrete repair material should be easy to work with. It should have a low silica content and be easily mixed to the right consistency. It should also be able to adhere to vertical or overhead surfaces. It should also be freeze-thaw resistant and have good compressive, flexural, and abrasion strength. In addition, the material should be able to withstand exposure to water vapor and sunlight.


Concrete repair contractors should use an advanced, high-performance concrete mix design that provides the optimum blend of workability, strength, and durability. A mix design should also be designed to meet safety regulations that include removing silica from the materials and making them easier to mix. A good mix is one that shows a uniform appearance and color and is consistent throughout its volume. Concrete mix manufacturers have made improvements to their products that make it easier for contractors to mix them. For example, Quikrete now offers pre-bagged concrete mix designs that have the additives mixed in. Some manufacturers have also incorporated polymers into their concrete repair materials that lead to greater bond strength and durability.

A contractor should carefully inspect the damaged concrete surface before starting repairs. Having a good understanding of what caused the damage is essential to repairing it properly. This can be done by a variety of non-destructive and destructive evaluation techniques, including inspection, radar, infrared thermography, impact echo, and core drilling. This will help determine the extent of the damage and what repairs are necessary.

The next step is to prepare the area for the repair. Depending on the damage, this may involve cutting the old concrete away and then cleaning the damaged surface to remove all dirt, debris, and other contaminants. Concrete surfaces that are cracked or broken should be hand troweled to remove all air gaps and ensure that the repair concrete is firmly bonded to the existing concrete.

Having the correct equipment and tools on hand is also important for a successful repair job. In addition to a wheelbarrow and a concrete mixer, it is important that a contractor bring a float, a finishing trowel, a margin trowel, and a pointed trowel for texturing. It is also helpful to have a caulk gun for the application of an adhesive or sealant, especially for overhead or vertical repairs.

If a new concrete section is to be placed in the same location as the old one, it is a good idea to form the front panels of a form while placing the concrete, which can be constructed as the placing progresses. This can greatly reduce the likelihood that the new and old concrete will crack and separate. In most cases, a form is not required for repairs to slabs that are less than 2 inches thick.


A concrete repair requires a thorough evaluation of the existing structure to determine the cause of the damage. This includes a structural analysis, destructive and non-destructive testing, a review of maintenance records, and a visual inspection. The results of this assessment will help in the selection of methods and materials for repairing the damaged surface. Major repairs to structural concrete should always be done by a professional engineer experienced in concrete construction.

There are many different types of concrete repair products on the market, and selecting one can be a daunting task. Consideration should be given to the type of material used, its color and texture, its ability to adhere to vertical or overhead surfaces, and whether it will stand up to chemicals or high service temperatures. The cost of the repair and how long it will last are also important factors.

For smaller repairs, polymer concrete is an excellent choice. Polymer concrete is a combination of Portland cement and aggregate with the addition of a polymer that leads to higher bond strength. It is available in a wide variety of strengths, and it can be colored to match the existing concrete. Polymer concrete is resistant to chlorides and other corrosives, but it is not recommended for use in areas where the concrete will be exposed to abrasion or impact loads.

Another popular concrete repair product is cement mortar or concrete, which can be matched with the existing concrete. It is similar to cement concrete, but it has a lower water content and may contain a latex modifier that reduces chloride ion ingress. This type of repair mortar is useful in preventing corrosion under concrete slabs, and it can be placed in both shallow and deep joints.

Conventional placement of concrete is a common method for large-scale repair projects, and it can be used to replace entire sections of a concrete floor or wall. It is necessary to ensure that the new concrete is bonded to the existing concrete, and this can be achieved by using a bond coat of equal parts sand and cement or by using epoxy resins. The new concrete should have a low w/c and a high percentage of coarse aggregate to minimize shrinkage and cracking.


As with any concrete project, it’s important to figure out what caused the damage before you start. Then, make sure to prepare the site and install a repair designed to solve the problem. A bad repair can be costly for both contractors and owners. and it can also lead to a lot of frustration and rework.

One of the most common reasons repairs fail is because the wrong materials are used. The right material, on the other hand, will provide the best chance of a long-lasting solution. Bagged concrete mix manufacturers design their products to meet safety regulations, such as keeping silica to a minimum, according to Fuller and ICRI. In addition, some manufacturers offer additives to enhance the performance of their repair materials. These may include fibers, polymers, and admixtures that improve abrasion resistance, prevent cracking, and help with concrete consolidation.

Contractors should consider the dimensional characteristics of their concrete repair product and the freeze-thaw and thermal properties of the original concrete structure. In addition, they should test the concrete for its strength by gluing a metal dolly to the surface and pulling it to determine the failure psi of the concrete. A higher psi indicates a stronger repair.

When applying the concrete repair, the contractor should take care to attain proper concrete consolidation around dowel bars and along the patch perimeter to prevent honeycombing. Honeycombing reduces concrete’s strength and durability.

Once the concrete is placed, a technique called “feathering” can be used to blend the wet concrete with the surrounding dry concrete. This is especially useful on sidewalks and driveways.

A good finish can add to a concrete repair’s life and aesthetics. A concrete repair contractor can use a power broom, trowel, or float to smooth the repaired concrete surface to a sheen that’s similar to the original concrete.

It’s also a good idea to water cure the concrete for at least an hour after finishing it. This will ensure that the concrete is properly cured and able to resist environmental exposure. It will also reduce the likelihood of premature cracking. If the concrete is exposed to harsh environments, it’s a good idea to cover it with a weatherproof covering.


What Do Concrete Contractors Do?

Concrete Contractors help with the construction of structures or buildings. Concrete Contractors Dallas TX are familiar with industry standards and safety regulations. When choosing a concrete contractor, look for one who is friendly and responds promptly to your questions. They also should be able to provide the right ready-mix concrete needed for your project.

Concrete ContractorsFormwork is a framework that holds wet concrete until it sets, creating the shape of a structure. It can be permanent or temporary, and concrete contractors need to design a formwork system that balances quality, cost and safety. Formwork can be a major source of stress on construction sites and may need to be reinforced and braced to prevent collapse or damage to the concrete.

The formwork itself can be made from a variety of materials, including wood, plywood, aluminum or steel. Contractors must consider the type of concrete being poured as well as the pouring temperature, since these factors affect the pressure exerted on the formwork by the concrete. It’s also important that the formwork is designed to avoid movement during construction procedures, and it’s common for a contractor to utilize structures called falsework to support and stabilize the main formwork.

Depending on the type of concrete being poured, formwork systems can be either temporary or permanent. Temporary formwork is a popular choice for construction projects, as it’s quick and easy to install, remove and reuse multiple times. This can help save on construction costs, especially when a concrete contractor has many projects in progress at once.

Once the concrete contractor and architect-engineer have looked at the structural and architectural drawings of a project, they’ll select a formwork system that will suit their needs. It’s typically shipped in component pieces or already assembled, and it’s important that the formwork be treated with a release agent to prevent the concrete from sticking to the form.

Concrete is heavy, and formwork must be constructed to be able to support its weight, as well as the loads exerted by construction equipment like concrete trucks and pumps. It’s also important that the formwork doesn’t create any bulges in the finished concrete, which could weaken its overall strength.

A formwork system that’s poorly designed or built can be disastrous, resulting in dangerous accidents. Some of these incidents have even led to death on the construction site. For example, in Bailey’s Crossroads, Virginia in 1972, workers removed the shores — supports that hold up horizontal slabs while concrete sets — from the 24th floor of a building too early, causing it to collapse, killing 14 workers [source: Hurd]. In many cases, formwork collapsing is caused by overloading the form with concrete, improper bracing, inadequate shoring and insufficient strength in the concrete before removal of the forms [source: Stamaty]. However, the majority of formwork failures are due to poor erection techniques.

Concrete Placement

Concrete placement is one of the most important steps in the concreting process. It comes after transportation and before compaction. It also determines how strong the concrete structure will be. It requires specialized equipment and knowledge. Placing concrete correctly can help to prevent segregation, bleeding and weak spots. Concrete contractors must work quickly to ensure that different concrete layers mix together properly. Otherwise, the result will be cold joints, which are weak points in the concrete that occur when different concrete layers don’t intermix.

The proper placement of concrete depends on many factors, including the temperature and the environment. For example, concrete placed in hot temperatures can dry too quickly and create weak spots. It’s also important to monitor the ambient air temperature and humidity to avoid any problems with freezing and thawing.

To avoid these problems, a concrete contractor must plan the job before starting the actual placement. They must make sure that the site is free of rocks, vegetation and other organic matter. They must also prepare the ground for the concrete by removing loose soil, sand and gravel. Then they must compact the ground to achieve a stiff bed. They must also ensure that the water and slush are diverted away from the concreting area.

Concrete placement can be done either by hand or with a mechanical system. In general, it’s better to use a mechanical system because it can place the concrete more accurately and faster. It can also reduce the risk of errors and improve the quality of the finished product.

The equipment used for concrete placement should be designed to be mortar tight and to deliver a nearly continuous flow of concrete to the delivery point without separation of materials. It should be capable of transporting, placing and compacting concrete at rates of up to 200 cubic yards per hour. For large projects, concrete contractors may need to install multiconveyor systems, which are a combination of conveyors that allow them to produce and place concrete more efficiently. These systems are also safer and more cost effective than using tower cranes.


Concrete is an extremely versatile construction material that can be used in a variety of applications. It is also known for its durability and strength. In addition, it can be molded into many shapes to create unique building features. This versatility is one of the main reasons why it is such a popular choice for residential and commercial use.

Formwork is a common practice in concrete construction and is done by professional concrete contractors. It helps to ensure that the concrete is placed correctly and stays in place while it hardens. Formwork can be made out of wood, plastic, steel, or another material. The size of formwork depends on the project and its needs.

Once the concrete has been mixed, it must be transported to the area where it is needed to be poured and placed. It is often transported by truck, poured free of gravity using a tremie, or pumped through a pipe for larger projects. Smaller amounts are carried in a skip, wheelbarrow, or trough.

Before pouring, the contractor must prepare the site by excavating and backfilling. This will ensure that the ground is ready to support the concrete for its long life. It will also prevent moisture and ground contamination that could damage the concrete.

After the concrete is poured, the concrete finisher smooths the surface with a trowel. The smoother the concrete, the better it will hold up over time. The finishing process is also a great time to add color to the concrete. This can be accomplished through mix-added pigments or post-cure staining.

Control joints must be cut into the concrete at regular intervals to eliminate unsightly cracking as it cures. The space between control joints should be at least twice the width of the slab. It is important to remember that these cuts must be made before the concrete has reached its full strength.

It is vital for concrete contractors to work with reliable suppliers. These companies provide them with the concrete they need to complete their projects. They also help with scheduling, ordering supplies, and providing technical support. They may even offer additional services, such as precasting and estimating.


Concrete contractors are not only concerned about the quality of the finished product but also with the safety of everyone working on the construction site. They need to follow all Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) guidelines to keep their crew members safe.

Among the most critical safety precautions is wearing appropriate protective gear like gloves, eye protection and a hard hat. Workers should also take frequent breaks and have access to drinking water.

Another essential safety precaution is to ensure that all equipment is in good condition. Concrete is a heavy material and any equipment that is not in tip-top shape can fail at any time. For example, formwork and shoring equipment need to be solid without any weak spots or cracks that could collapse with hundreds of pounds of concrete on them.

Contractors should check the condition of their equipment regularly and maintain it properly. This can prevent accidents and injuries that could harm the crew. Additionally, it is important to make sure that any hazards are clearly marked and easily visible to all crew members. This can be done by using a concrete subcontractor software that allows for quick communication to alert all workers of potential dangers.

Concrete work can be quite noisy, which is why all workers should wear ear protection. Whether they are cutting, pouring or performing any other concrete related activities, loud noises can cause permanent hearing damage. If you notice any problems with your ears, it is a good idea to visit a doctor immediately.

If your eyes come into contact with concrete dust, it can cause chemical burns. The best way to avoid this is by wearing boots and gloves that are resistant to the alkali chemicals in concrete. If your skin does become irritated, you should rinse it with water right away.

While there are many concrete construction hazards, they don’t have to be life-threatening. With proper training and careful handling, you can safely complete construction projects on time and within budget. It is vital to review the reports from each project and analyze any areas that need improvement. This will help reduce the number of hazards and injuries on the job site, saving you money in lost production, worker’s compensation costs and morale issues.